1、 Cemented carbide tool -- the core component to realize the function of machine tool
Tool: the core component of machine tool processing
The cutting tool is the "tooth" of machine tool processing, in which the blade is the core consumable that needs to be replaced regularly. Cutting tool is a tool used for cutting in mechanical manufacturing, also known as cutting tool. Any type of metal cutting machine tool must rely on cutting tool to play its role. Therefore, cutting tool is also known as the "tooth" of industry. The quality of cutting tool directly affects the machining accuracy, quality and efficiency of workpiece materials. The tool is generally composed of a tool handle, a tool bar (or a cutter head) and a blade. As the core component in the metal cutting process, the blade is a consumable that needs to be replaced regularly.
The cutting tool can realize different processes by turning, milling and drilling. Turning is usually used to process rotary parts, such as general machinery, automobile, rail transit, precision bearings, high-end sanitary ware, petrochemical industry, etc; Milling is usually used to process plane, curved surface and other parts, as well as precision molds and energy equipment; Drilling is usually used for hole processing, engineering machinery, new energy, etc. Among the three machining methods, turning and milling account for a relatively high proportion.
Cutting tool material: cemented carbide cutting tools are dominant due to their hardness and toughness
According to the classification of the materials used for the blades, they are mainly divided into tool steel, cemented carbide, ceramics and superhard materials. The material properties of the tool include hardness and impact toughness. Generally speaking, the higher the hardness, the worse the impact toughness. Generally, the hardness and toughness should be balanced according to the specific application field of the tool. Due to its good comprehensive performance, cemented carbide plays a leading role in the global consumption structure of cutting tools, accounting for 63% in 2019.
Cemented carbide cutting tool industry chain: at the key node in the midstream, there are many companies with the layout of the whole industry chain
Cemented carbide cutting tools are at the most downstream of the tungsten industry chain, accounting for 50% of China's total tungsten consumption. Cemented carbide materials include tungsten carbide, cobalt powder, tantalum niobium solid solution, etc. the upstream is mainly the manufacturer of corresponding raw materials. According to the data of China Tungsten Industry Association, 50% of China's tungsten consumption in 2020 will be in the field of cemented carbide cutting tools. The companies represented by China tungsten high tech and Xiamen tungsten industry have a full industrial chain layout from tungsten concentrate, apt, tungsten carbide to cemented carbide cutting tools.
Cemented carbide cutting tools are widely used in more than ten downstream industries. Cemented carbide cutting tools are widely used, mainly in the five fields of automobiles and motorcycles, machine tools, general machinery, molds and engineering machinery, accounting for 20.9%, 18.1%, 15.0%, 7.4% and 6.8% respectively in 2018, accounting for nearly 70% in total.
2、 Demand analysis: manufacturing recovery and upgrading is the main driving force for growth
The global tool market is growing steadily, while the domestic tool market is growing rapidly
Before the outbreak, the global consumption of cutting tools maintained a steady growth trend. According to the data of QY research and Sandvik, the global consumption of cutting tools in 2016-2019 was USD 331/340/349/35 billion respectively, of which Sandvik, kena, Mitsubishi and Kyocera accounted for more than 30% of the global revenue in 2019. According to the revenue of the above four companies and the data of China Machine Tool Industry Association, affected by the COVID-19, we infer that the global tool market will be 30billion US dollars in 2020, a year-on-year -14.3%.
We expect the compound growth rate of the global cutting tool market to be 5% from 2021 to 2025. According to Sandvik's data, the market scale of tool manufacturing / tool service in the global cutting tool market in 2019 was US $21/14billion respectively. Based on 2019, Sandvik expects that tool manufacturing / tool service will maintain a compound growth rate of 2% and more than 10%. We predict that the global tool market will maintain a compound growth rate of 5% from 2021 to 2025, and form a market scale of $46.9 billion in 2025.
China is the second largest market for cutting tools in the world, with a market scale of about 40billion yuan. According to the data of various industry associations, the global consumption of cutting tools is concentrated in Europe, China, Japan and the United States, with a total market share of nearly 60% in 2018, of which China is the second largest market in the world. According to the prospectus of okoyi, since 2010, the growth rate of Asian tool market represented by China has ranked first in the global tool scale growth, which is 2.5 times of the global growth rate. From 2017 to 2019, the scale of China's tool market was about 40billion yuan.
The scale of China's cutting tool market has gradually rebounded from the bottom in 2015, and the growth rate is far higher than the global average level in the same period. From 2005 to 2011, with the process of industrialization, the market scale of cutting tools in China increased from 13.7 billion yuan to 40billion yuan, and the CAGR reached 19.6% during this period. Affected by the slowdown of domestic investment growth and the adjustment of demand structure, the market scale from 2012 to 2016 was mainly concentrated in the range of 31.2 billion yuan to 34.5 billion yuan. With the transformation and upgrading of the manufacturing industry promoting the restorative growth of the cutting tool consumption market, the market scale of the cutting tool industry reached 42.1 billion yuan in 2018, reaching the highest level in history, of which the CAGR from 2016 to 2018 was 14.3%, much higher than the global growth rate of 2.7% in the same period. In 2019, affected by Sino US trade frictions and the decline of downstream industries such as automobiles, the consumption fell to 39.3 billion yuan.
Short dimension: the sustained recovery of global manufacturing industry increases the prosperity of the tool Market
The recovery of manufacturing industry increases the prosperity of tool market. Cutting tools are the foundation of the mechanical manufacturing industry, and machining accounts for about 90% of the total machining workload. The tool downstream involves many subdivisions of the manufacturing industry and is closely related to the overall development of the domestic manufacturing industry. With the high prosperity of the manufacturing industry brought about by the normal operation of the domestic economy and the recovery of industrial exports, the utilization rate of domestic industrial capacity has been significantly higher than the historical average since 2020q3, and the profits of industrial enterprises have increased significantly. At the time point when the pro cyclical manufacturing industry recovers, the tool market ushers in a broad market space.
Balance sheet repair and investment expansion in downstream industries, and the prosperity of industrial consumables and cutting tools is expected to continue. The PMI indexes of China, the United States and the euro zone have remained above the boom and bust line for 15/12/11 consecutive months. With the gradual control of the epidemic in developed countries in Europe and the United States and the rise of vaccination rates, the recovery of the global economy is expected to continue. At the same time, the high prospect of the manufacturing industry has brought about the balance sheet repair of key industries such as automobiles and molds in the downstream of the tool industry, further driving the expansion of relevant investment. The prosperity of tools as industrial consumables is expected to continue.
Long dimension: under the upgrading of manufacturing industry, it is estimated that the CAGR of hard tool market in the next five years will be 7.6%.